For example, if your company joins an employer organization that has a collective agreement with a workers` association/union. Collective agreements are generally valid for two years, sometimes three and sometimes one. Before the contract expires, the union and employer will enter into negotiations for a renewal contract. Related: The collective agreement means considerable benefits A collective agreement can result in special rights for workers, including the law: to compare the types of collective bargaining between companies, different dimensions of collective bargaining are used in the analysis of industrial relations: as soon as an interim agreement is reached between employer and union representatives, each member of the union has the opportunity to vote in favour of acceptance or rejection. If at least 50% of union members who vote accept the agreement, it becomes legally binding. If union members do not accept the agreement, the employer and union representatives can continue negotiations. Alternatively, the union may call for a strike vote. In addition, a strike vote must obtain at least 50% of the vote. Very rarely, if a union cannot obtain ratification or strike authorization, it will waive its right to represent workers. As a general rule, the negotiation of the first collective agreement lasts up to six months. Negotiations on renewal agreements will also take a few months, but the old agreement will remain in force during negotiations.
It can be contrasted between two fundamentally different approaches to collective bargaining. Distribution negotiations are the point at which the benefit of one party is considered a loss of the other. The money intended to be distributed as a result of this negotiation process is essentially considered a fixed-size “cake”. This type of negotiation is inevitably contradictory, as each party tries to minimize the concessions it makes to the other. On the other hand, in inclusive negotiations, the parties are looking for ways to increase the size of the cake. For example, the money available for wage increases could be increased by the agreement to change labour practices. This approach tends to be more cooperative. A collective agreement (TES) is an interim contract between a union and an employer union on the conditions of employment observed in this area. Can your business be covered in different ways by a collective agreement? Workers are not required to join a union in a given workplace.