Confidentiality and disclaimers: there must be a disclaimer covering the accuracy of the data, as well as a description of the data and the corresponding metadata. In addition, a declaration regarding the disclosure of information to third parties is required. This is necessary because a non-federal authority may not be able to protect USGS information from disclosure, and vice versa, because USGS may be forced to disclose information as part of a foia request if no waiver applies. Data exchange agreements are formal contracts detailing the data disclosed and the data used for the data. Terms of access: Whether the data is online or not, the agreement must determine who has what rights to access the data, who has what rights to modify or modify the data, and what methods apply to accessing the data. Data exchange agreements must include access and dissemination provisions. It is not advisable to enter into a data exchange agreement in which data protection information can be disclosed, as non-federal organizations are not subject to the Data Protection Act. Similarly, the non-federal organization should be advised that federal authorities may be required to disclose information under the BLA. The USGS must not share or exchange data sets or data that are: the manual chapter of the USGS Survey 500.26 – Domestic Memorandum of Understanding states that “if necessary, language is included in agreements, such as: All data and information generated as a result of this agreement must be able to be used by the USGS as part of its current programmes. This includes, if necessary, the publication of the results, unless it is prohibited for well-founded protection and security reasons. If the partner is a foreign unit that does not accept compliance with U.S. law, the agreements must go through the USGS Office of International Programs. Note that the details of these agreements may have to reconcile differences in management with differences in business practices.
For example, how does an agency protect its data and what access can it allow through firewalls and security checks? How will agencies inform each other if authorizations are changed? Which manager will be responsible for the specified data? Data exchange agreements protect against data misuse and promote early communication between agencies on data processing and use issues. “One of the challenges of the territorial community is to promote data exchange and cooperation between several agencies and organizations at several levels of public, private and associative organizations.