The Taif Agreement Lebanon

Behind the benevolent façade of a transfer of executive prerogatives from a once omnipotent presidency to the Council of Ministers, Taif has reorganized the powers and constitutional apparatuses. It has also established a whole new paradigm of a sectarian balance of power by ending the political and symbolic hegemony of the Maronite establishment. However, the purpose of the delegated presidential powers was unclear. By transferring these powers to the cabinet, where religious parity was a formal guarantee of equality between communities, Taif also spread and spread power, making it difficult to locate and exercise. Nor was it clear who was to answer for the decisions. This situation was compounded by several provisions of the agreement, which probably remained deliberately vague and subject to interpretation. The power-sharing regime of the Taif Agreement was implemented in 1992. The agreement constituted the principle of “mutual coexistence” () between the various Lebanese sects and their “correct political representation” () as the main objective of the post-civil war legislative laws. [6] It also restructured the political system of the National Compact in Lebanon by inducing part of the power of the Maronite Christian community, which had obtained privileged status in Lebanon under French rule. Before the agreement, the Sunni Muslim Prime Minister was appointed and held responsible by the Maronite president. Under the Taif agreement, the Prime Minister was accountable to the legislature, as in a traditional parliamentary system. Therefore, the agreement changed the formula of power-sharing, which had favored Christians to a ratio of 50:50 and strengthened the power of the Sunni Prime Minister over that of the Christian president.

[8] Prior to the Taif negotiations, a Maronite Christian, General Michel Aoun, had been appointed Prime Minister by President Amine Gemayel on 22 September 1988. The result was a serious political crisis of the divided mandate, the post being reserved for a Sunni Muslim under the 1943 National Pact and Omar Karami. The Taif agreement helped overcome this crisis by preparing for the election of a new president. “Adjustment policy” the way forward for Bahrain`s democracy can be defined as the relationship or balance between state power and individual freedom. If so, a democratic system of government can take many forms. Bahrain has an excellent constitution that supports its development phase, gives it a constitutional monarchy and a nascent parliamentary system and develops political conventions in the last three parliaments, with fundamental, economic and social rights for its citizens.

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