The framework contract also helps to reduce litigation by providing significant resources that define its contractual terms and explain the intent of the contract, thus preventing litigation from beginning and providing a neutral resource for interpreting standard contractual terms. Finally, the framework agreement provides significant assistance in managing risks and credit for the parties. The provisions of Section 12 of the 2002 ISDA Executive Contract depart from the 1992 provisions in which this notification can now be made by e-mail (other than the communications covered in the section 5 “Delay Events” and “End-of-Activity Events” or Section 6 allowing a party to prematurely terminate transactions and the damage calculation procedure) and an e-mail notification is considered effective on the day of its notification. We believe that, at present, it is likely that the parties will continue to use the 1992 ISDA Master and the ISDA Schedule to support the 1995 loans, on the grounds that they provide the parties with greater flexibility and options to negotiate how their transactions are settled. This only applies to the 1992 masteragrement. The 2002 Master Agreement rejected the first and second methods. In practice, the first method was very rarely chosen, as the financial institutions concerned had to declare their gross commitment and not the net commitment under the masteragrement. The 2002 Master Agreement also replaced the distinction between market quotation and loss with a single concept, “Close-out Amount.” This transaction is intended for each transaction completed and is, on the whole, the profit or loss that would result from the conclusion of an equivalent transaction at the time of the early termination. The aggregate of close-out and unpaid amounts is called “notice.” This is the net amount payable from one party to the other for terminated transactions. The ISDA Masteragrement, published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, is the most widely used master service contract for otC derivatives transactions internationally.