The TROA provides for a reduction in litigation and continued cooperation through the aegis of dispute resolution procedures. In addition, the immediate issues were resolved prior to the conclusion and implementation of the agreement. While continuing to protect existing water rights under the original 1944 ordinance on the Orr trenches, the federal water master was primarily responsible for the operation of the Truckee River reservoir system and assumed responsibility for the management of TROA. Troa`s goal is to increase the operational flexibility and efficiency of reservoirs in the Lake Tahoe and Truckee River basins, providing several environmental benefits while protecting the exercise of all existing water rights. TROA is able to do so on the basis of two key elements that distinguish it from previous operations: 1) the ability of a water rights holder, such as TMWA, to exercise part of its water rights by storing water that would otherwise have been released from storage or that would have been transported through the reservoirs to the Truckee River; 2. the ability to replace (or exchange) water stored between truckee River reservoirs. The Truckee River Operating Agreement (TROA) offers a new approach to the management of the Truckee River. Troa came into force in December 2015 after 26 years of simplified federal negotiations, environmental studies and legal challenges. Troa now leads to the use of the river from its spring streams at Lake Tahoe to its end on Pyramid Lake. The agreement replaces a rigid and rigid water management system dictated by decades-old court decisions that should serve farmers, small hydroelectric power plants and paper mills that no longer exist today.
Since then, the Truckee Meadows have become less agricultural and much more urbanized. TROA offers more efficient use of the available reservoir and allows users to make water release time-dependent to meet current requirements, including reno and Sparks municipal water requirements. If there`s been a lot of arguing about the river water, what`s it going to stop now? U.S. Senator Harry Reid of Nevada has overseen the TROA and the settlement of the 1989 Negotiated River since its early years. In 1988, Sen. Reid began to define new guidelines for the river, which all parties could approve. Federal legislation was necessary to include the 1989 comparison in a comprehensive package of measures to achieve the objectives of the five signatory parties. Now, 27 years later, it`s finally a reality. TROA allows TMWA to accumulate and transfer water stored through several years of drought, which over time will double or even triple the amount of drought reserves TMWA had prior to the implementation of TROA.
The Reno Sparks area is protected from prolonged droughts by increasing TMWA`s ability to store water it has not received under TROA regulations. Following its implementation, TROA is the largest and most important part of TMWA`s water resource plan. It also ends the historical uncertainty between Nevada and California over the distribution of river water and transfers Nevada 90 percent. The problems that the five signatory parties tried to resolve while respecting the water rights of all Truckee River users was a complex undertaking.