When relying on agreements in which the author transfers rights to a tenant party (copyright transfer contract), a tenant often finds that it has limited room to modify, update or transform the work. For example, a film may hire dozens of creators of copyrighted works (for example. B musical scores, scripts, games, sound effects, costumes) each of which would require repeated agreements with the creators if the conditions for the film`s screening or the creation of derivatives change. If an agreement cannot be reached with a creator, the film could be completely prevented from being screened. To avoid this scenario, producers of films and similar works require that all contributions be made to the rental by non-employees. [Citation required] Even if a Member State of the European Union provides for the possibility that a legal person may be the holder of the right of origin (as is possible in the United Kingdom) , the duration of protection is generally the same as the copyright clause for a personal copyright: that is, a literary or artistic work, 70 years after the death of the human author. , or in the case of works of common authorship, 70 years after the death of the last surviving author. If the natural or natural author is not identified or is not known at a later date, the term copyright is the same as in the case of an anonymous or pseudonymous work, 70 years after the publication of a literary or artistic work; or, if the work was not published during this period, 70 years after its creation.  (the duration of copyrights for works created before 1993 may be subject to transitional provisions).  On the other hand, if the plant is carried out by an independent contractor or an independent contractor, the plant can only be considered a loan plant if all the following conditions are met: for independent contractors, signing a Work for Hire Agreement will soothe your client`s mind and assure them that they own the work for which they paid. An author has the inalienable right to terminate a copyright transfer 35 years after the final copyright waiver agreement.  However, according to the U.S.
Copyright Office, in Circular 9, “the termination clauses of the law do not apply to loan work.”  These restrictions, both in the work of the recruitment doctrine and in the right to terminate, consist in recognizing that artists often face unequal bargaining power in their business relationships.